Microservices, Serverless, Monolith, SOA: What To Choose For An App Development?
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7 min read Jun 24, 2024

Microservices, Serverless, Monolith, SOA: What To Choose For An App Development?

A lot of risks are involved during product development. Developing a product and an app happens to be the primary measure for the company. The business enterprises adopt the MVP approach to execute the business idea within the market. There are four primary approaches to creating a service-oriented, monolithic, MVP, serverless, and microservices architecture. As you go through this article, you can seek information about the proper insights to create the proper product.

What is a SOA, or service-oriented architecture?

SOA, or service-oriented architecture, happens to be the software architecture type, which is composed of loosely coupled and discrete software agents that help to run the functions. SOA boasts two different principal functions, which are played by the software agent. The service provider is recognized as the software body that runs the service request. The service consumer happens to be an end-user app that calls the service provider.

The service-oriented architecture does not involve any limitations within the platform or programming language. Such design patterns develop distributed systems, which follow a specific protocol to deliver different services to various applications. Such a model adopts a message-based communication model to communicate with the services and apps.

The modules get integrated seamlessly so that they can be reused easily. Service of Architecture is regarded as the modular way to break the monolithic app into different smaller components. It is extremely beneficial for different enterprise-level services owing to its modular nature.

Reasons to choose the SOA, or service-oriented architecture

Services are smaller than the vast code fragments in the monolithic approach. Due to this, the debugging process is simple and easy, and the SOA-based products are more reliable. The software solutions are regarded as platform-independent in their service-oriented architecture. Due to this, it is easy to manage and update them without impacting other services.

The implementation happens to be transparent in the service-oriented architecture owing to the service specification integration. Hence, it becomes easy to isolate the complications and make the process manageable. SOA adopts a loosely coupled and layer-based architecture, owing to which it offers support for parallel development.

It allows the development and completion of independent services at once. SOA allows the service implementation without impacting other services and apps as it is a self-container and the functional components’ loosely coupled nature. It enables the benefits of service reusability without the need to impact other services.

What is a serverless architecture?

Choosing the serverless architecture involved using cloud computing technology to create and execute the services and apps. Such an architecture is located beyond the microservices and handles the code deployment and execution without considering the infrastructure management and server conditions. A third-party cloud service such as AWS handles the provisioning process and server maintenance.

The app, which executes on various servers, removes the need for additional databases and resources. Choosing the serverless architecture provides a suitable option for the apps to be event-driven, easy to scale, stateless, and hostless. Choosing a cloud service provider such as Amazon offers a suitable option to execute the app without defining the architecture. There are a bunch of cloud service providers, such as Google Cloud Functions and lambda functions on aws.

Reasons to choose the serverless architecture

You will be able to decrease the development costs of serverless app as you do not need to handle the extra resources, databases, and servers. The only things costing certain changes are the memory and the used CPU cycles. Hence, you will be capable of developing the quality code at the least expense.

As the developers do not need to be stressed out about resource management, databases, and infrastructure, they can concentrate on code execution, thereby boosting the deployment process. If a business needs an approach to scaling its products, they should choose serverless as the suitable architecture.

It enables seamless and automatic scaling using serverless computing. As the rise in user base, resource requests, and enhancements in load do not impact the development process, it allows the app to scale automatically.

What is microservice architecture?

It is regarded as a kind of service-oriented architecture. It refers to a suite of different small services that is considered to be the combination to construct the complete service within the microservices architecture. It involves the integration of different services that communicate with one another. Such a microservices architecture is composed of different independent services that are created around different business capabilities that are combined through APIs.

As microservices are composed of a bunch of independently deployable and loosely coupled minor services, it does not need to decrease the complexities of the system. It allows the system’s complexity to be more manageable and visible.

Microservices are similar to a strengthened or enhanced way of service-oriented architecture; as the service-oriented architecture breaks the app at the module level, the microservices will break the same down at the fine-grained level.

What is monolithic architecture?

Monolithic architecture happens to be the most well-known structure for different software apps. Such a traditional structure happens to be the unified development model, which refers to the singular, indivisible unit. As the different parts of the software are unified, the different components of the app and the services get combined and managed on a single platform.

The monolithic architecture is rarely used owing to its complex nature. Let’s consider the minor instance of the eCommerce SaaS app, which comprises the load balancer, web server, ordering system, catalog service, and payment function, which are tightly coupled together. They are equipped with massive code bases. A little change in a single function needs testing on the whole platform. At first, Airbnb, Uber, and Netflix used such architecture. However, when they are scaled, they migrate to microservices. The monolithic app architecture consists of three different components, such as the data interface, the server-side application, and the client-side user interface.

Why choose monolithic architecture?

In the monolithic architecture, the development steps occur in the singular directory. As the developers develop such updates and changes independently, it offers the option of hassle-free development. Thus, it provides them with an ample amount of time. It provides a suitable opportunity for the integration of different tools that support MVP development services.

Choosing an adequately monolithic architecture works quicker than microservice-based apps. It allows faster communication between the software components owing to the shared memory and code. Monolithic architecture can reap a lot of benefits from different data integrity mechanisms, thereby directing the transaction controls that RDBMSs manage, as they typically adopt a singular database for storage.

Choosing between microservices, serverless, monolith, and SOA

The SOA approach is considered to be a suitable option for different complex enterprise systems, like banks. It is extremely difficult for a bank to break into different microservices. The monolithic approach is also not a great choice for the banking system, as it can interrupt the entire app. The best way to deal with this is by adopting the SOA approach, which helps organize the complicated applications into different independent, isolated services.

The monolithic architecture is not yet outdated. It works wonders for specific cases. There are certain business enterprises, such as Etsy, that prefer to go monolithic. If the team of your company is at the founding age, the software architecture can be a useful choice. If you are planning to create an unproven product and do not have any experience with the services, you should choose monolithic for startups that need to set up and execute the product.

Microservices can be a great choice, but not for all kinds of services. Such a pattern works wonders for various complex systems and evolving apps. You should opt for the microservices architecture if the application is complex enough to break into different services. As the app is large and is scalable and flexible, choosing microservices is regarded as a beneficial option.

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